A comparative study of teaching competency of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. Trained teacher's working at primary level"

* Dr. Mahesh Kumar Muchhal
** Sh. Satish Chand
A comparative study of teaching competency

Abstract
The present investigation was under taken to study " The comparative study of teaching competency of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. trained teachers working at primary level. A representative sample of 300 primary school's teachers 150 B.Ed. trained and 150 B.P.Ed. trained teachers was draw using stratified random sampling technique. The tool used "General teaching competency scale" by Passi & Lalitha. The finding revealed that significant difference of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. trained teachers on teaching competency.
Introduction-
          Education plays an important role in social, economic, cultural and political development of a Nation. It is a very potential and powerful instrument of bringing about change in the society. In this direction school are those social institutions where the future of society grow up with the help of curriculam teacher and method of teaching. In our present learner centric education system the role of the most important  molder of student is to  facilitate their learning.  A competent and
well prepared teacher is like an instrument to enhance the quality of education. Teaching competency of a teacher refers to the set of knowledge, abilities and beliefs a teacher possesses and bring to the teaching situation. Teaching competency is the sum total of all the competencies possessed by the teacher that are used in the teaching situation. The teacher performance in the class is thus dependent on the teacher's competencies. Since the teacher bring about change in pupils learning using the repertoire of teaching competencies, teacher effectiveness can also be inferred from a measure of teaching competencies. Mathew (1978) defined teaching competency" as the ability of a teacher manifested through a set of overt teacher class room behavior which is a resultant of the interaction between the presage and the product variables of teaching within a social setting.
          In our country some studies were conducted to find out the teaching competency of teachers. Shukla (1995) observed that teacher competency is one of the major influencing factors having an effect on the students achievement among other school factors. Paul (1999) remarked that only a competent teacher can bring out modernization and mobility in the changing and dynamic society. Maheswari Pande (2004) fount that teaching competency positively related with intelligence and training programme have significant impact on the teaching competency of teacher Shukla; S. (2015) found that the commitment and competency of teacher is considered to be associated with his satisfaciton with the job and attitude towards the profession etc. Rekha, & etc (2015) observed that most of the teachers of Secondary school in chandigarh are highly competency. Dey & etc (2015) are also conducted to find out the teacher's competency at elementary level.
          A survey of the related literature revealed that not a single study has been conducted to the teaching competency of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. Trained teachers of primary level. Thus due to paucity of time.
          The researcher Tries to investigate the comparative study of teaching competency of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. Trained teachers working at primary level.
Objective of the study-
  1. To study the teaching competency of B.Ed. trained teacher's working at primary level.
  2. To study the teaching competency of B.P.Ed. trained teacher's working at primary level.
  3. To compare the teaching competency of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. trained teacher's working at primary level.
  4. To compare the teaching competency of B.Ed. trained male and B.P.Ed. trained male teachers & B.Ed. trained female and B.P.Ed. trained female Primary school's teachers.
  5. To compare the teaching competency of B.Ed. trained rural school's teacher and B.P.Ed. trained rural school's teachers & B.Ed. trained urban school's teacher and B.P.Ed. trained urban Primary school's teachers.


Hypothesis of the study-
  1. There is no significant difference in teaching competency of B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. trained teacher's working at primary level.
  2. There is no significant difference in teaching competency of B.Ed. trained male and B.P.Ed. trained male teachers & B.Ed. trained female and B.P.Ed. trained female Primary school's teachers.
  3. There is no significant difference in teaching competency of B.Ed. trained rural school's teacher and B.P.Ed. trained rural school's teachers & B.Ed. trained urban school's teacher and B.P.Ed. trained urban Primary school's teachers.
Methodology-
          Population and sample- All the B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. trained parishadiya primary school teacher (to selected the SBTC process) of Meerut Commissionery (U.P.) constituted the population for the purpose of the present study. Sample of the study was 300 primary school teachers selected from both B.Ed. and B.P.Ed. trained of Meerut Commissionery. The sample was selected by using disproportionate stratified Random sampling technique.
Tool Used-
          In order to collect the necessary data to achieve the objective of the study. The GENERAL TEACHING COMPETENCY SCALE (1994) by Passi & Lalitha was used.
Statistical Technique used- Statistical measures such as percentage mean, S.D. and t-test were  used to analyze and interpret the obtained data.
Result and Discussion-
  1. Result related to teaching competency of B.Ed. trained primary school teachers.
Conclusion- Considering the above discussion it can be concluded that the most of the B.Ed. trained teachers of Primary level's are averge competent in teaching while most of B.P.Ed. trained teachers are less competent in teaching. In this study it can be concluded that B.Ed. trained  and B.P.Ed. trained primary school's teachers differ significantly in teaching competency. In the present study it can also be formed that B.Ed. trained male, female, rural and Urban teachers are highly competent in teaching to compare the B.P.Ed. Male, Female, Rural and Urban Primary level's teachers.


Reference
Naseena (1993) "Teaching competency of secondary school Physical science teachers in relation to satisfaction of teaching physical science" Ph.D. Thesis  university of calicut.
Buch, M.B. (1988-92) "Fifth survey of educational research", NEW DELHI, NCERT.
Mathew, R. (1978) factorial structure of teaching competencies among secondary school teachers, Ph.D. Thesis, ASE, faculty of education MSV, Baroda.
Passi, B.K. & Lalitha, M.S. (1994) General teaching competency scale, Agra National Psychological corporation.
Desai, S. & Despande, S. (1996) Teaching competency perspectives in education, 12 (2)
Pooja & Rekha (2014) "Teaching competency of secondary school teachers of chandigarh A cademicia; An international multidisciplinary research journal vol. 5. Issu 2 June 2015
Shukla, Sashi (2015) "Teacher competency, professional commitment and job satisfaction" A study of primary school teachers" Journal of Research & Methods in education, vol. 4 issue-3 May June 2015.
Paul S. (1999) Relationship between job satisfaction and teaching competency of the secondary  school teachers of Chausar District of Assam, Journal of all India Association of educational research 2 (1)
Pando, M. (2004) Prediction teaching competency from creativity, intelligence and teacher attitude: A study, Indian educational Review , 2 (2)
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