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Things to Note in Inception Report
Mark your answers as Yes, No. or Write Comment
PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT

OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSIGNMENT

SCOPE OF THE WORK

DETAILS OF AMRUT GUIDELINES WITH CONTEXT OF MASTER PLAN

Coverage under AMRUT              

AMRUT Mission Components

AVAILABILITY OF THE DATA and LIMITATIONS

METHODOLOGY

EARLIER PLANNING INITIATIVES

TOWN PROFILE

MUNICIPAL LIMITS AND PERI URBAN AREAS

EXISTING SCENARIO OF THE TOWN

MEETINGS HELD WITH OFFICIALS

STAGES / TASKS TO BE COMPLETED

TIMELINE

TIME SCHEDULE FOR KEY PROFESSIONAL PERSONNEL

CHAPTERIZATION OF FINAL MASTER PLAN AS PER URDPFI GUIDELINES












Review Form for Inception Report of Master Plan (Developed by S. N. Sharma, Urban Planner)
Guidelines for review of the Inception Report.




1.       Refer to RFP to confirm whether consultant have mentioned the PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT, OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSIGNMENT & SCOPE OF THE WORK as per the document or not.
2.       Refer to AMRUT guidelines to check whether consultant have mention correct COVERAGE & COMPONENTS or not.
3.       Cross check the available data in department, development authority or Municipal Corporation and if available then provide to consultant.
4.       Check whether METHODOLOGY is logical or not.
5.       In BACKGROUND OF THE TOWN section of report, check whether consultant have provided detail of location, regional settings, connectivity, brief history and development of the town, physical settings, topography, climate, demographic profile or not.
6.       Confirm from Municipal Corporation office whether EXISTING SCENARIO OF THE TOWN is depicted in logical and correct manner or not.
7.       Confirm from office staff whether any such MEETINGS with OFFICIALS had been held or not.
8.       Confirm whether KEY PROFESSIONAL PERSONNEL are as per the REF document or not.
9.       Check if any chapter is missing or not from CHAPTERIZATION OF FINAL MASTER PLAN AS PER URDPFI GUIDELINES


(Developed by S. N. Sharma, Urban Planner)
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Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of existing human population exceeds the carrying capacity of earth Overpopulation is caused by number of factors. Reduced mortality rate, better medical facilities, depletion of precious resources are few of the causes which results in overpopulation. It is possible for a sparsely populated area to become densely populated if it is not able to sustain life.


Growing advances in technology with each coming year has affected humanity in many ways. One of these has been the ability to save lives and create better medical treatment for all. A direct result of this has been increased lifespan and the growth of the population. In the past fifty or so years, the growth of population has boomed and has turned into overpopulation.
Causes of Overpopulation
Decline in the Death Rate: At the root of overpopulation is the difference between the overall birth rate and death rate in populations. If the number of children born each year equals the number of adults that die, then the population will stabilize. Talking about overpopulation shows that while there are many factors that can increase the death rate for short periods of time, the ones that increase the birth rate do so over a long period of time. The discovery of agriculture by our ancestors was one factor that provided them with the ability to sustain their nutrition without hunting. This created the first imbalance between the two rates.
Better Medical Facilities: Following this came the industrial revolution. Technological advancement was perhaps the biggest reason why the balance has been permanently disturbed. Science was able to produce better means of producing food, which allowed families to feed more mouths. Medical science made many discoveries thanks to which they were able to defeat a whole range of diseases. Illnesses that had claimed thousands of lives till now were cured because of the invention of vaccines. Combining the increase in food supply with fewer means of mortality tipped the balance and became the starting point of overpopulation.
More Hands to Overcome Poverty: However, when talking about overpopulation we should understand that there is a psychological component as well. For thousands of years, a very small part of the population had enough money to live in comfort. The rest faced poverty and would give birth to large families to make up for the high infant mortality rate. Families that have been through poverty, natural disasters or are simply in need of more hands to work are a major factor for overpopulation. As compared to earlier times, most of these extra children survive and consume resources that are not sufficient in nature.
Technological Advancement in Fertility Treatment: With latest technological advancement and more discoveries in medical science, it has become possible for couple who are unable to conceive to undergo fertility treatment methods and have their own babies. Today there are effective medicines which can increases the chance of conception and lead to rise in birth rate. Moreover, due to modern techniques pregnancies today are far more safer.
Immigration: Many people prefer to move to developed countries like US, UK, Canada and Australia where best facilities are available in terms of medical, education, security and employment. The end result is that those people settle over there and those places become overcrowded. Difference between the number of people who are leaving the country and the number of people who enter narrows down which leads to more demand for food, clothes, energy and homes. This gives rise to shortage of resources. Though the overall population remains the same, it just affects the density of population making that place simply overcrowded.
Lack of Family Planning: Most developing nations have large number of people who are illiterate, live below the poverty line and have little or no knowledge about family planning. Getting their children married at an early age increase the chances of producing more kids. Those people are unable to understand the harmful effects of overpopulation and lack of quality education prompts them to avoid family planning measures.
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International Journal Research(IJR)

International Journal of Research (IJR) is an open access, international, monthly, peer-reviewed journal publishes articles of authors from India and abroad with special emphasis on original research findings that are relevant for developing country perspectives including India.
Call for Papers November 2018

The journal publishes original research articles, focusing on family health care, epidemiology, biostatistics, public health administration, health care delivery, national health problems, medical anthropology and social medicine, invited annotations and comments, invited papers on recent advances, clinical and epidemiological diagnosis and management review article, short communication/brief reports, letters to the editor, case reports, etc. The journal covers population based studies, impact assessment, monitoring and evaluation, systematic review, meta-analysis, clinic-social studies etc., related to any domain and discipline of public health, especially relevant to national priorities, including ethical and social issues. Articles aligned with national health issues and policy implications are preferred. It is published monthly and available in print and online version.

The Journal is inline with MCI norms and index with Index Copernicus Value 106

The Journal having an ISSN No: 2348-6848 with Impact Factor of 5.40(SJIF).

How to Submit Article:


If you wish to publish Research Paper/Article kindly follow our | AUTHOR GUIDELINES |  mail to us at | editor@pen2print.org or editor@edupediapublications.com

Journal Indexing:


The journal is indexed with leading International Indexing agencies like Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, Open J-Gate, IIFS, Citefactor, DJOF, DRJI, Eyesource etc.

Manuscript Submission:


A High Quality research paper are invited those are original and plagiarism free must be prepared in MS word with double - column in single spaced typed pages should be submitted electronically as an attachment on E-mail Id of Journals mentioned. 
editor@pen2print.org or editor@edupediapublications.com

Review Process :


A Standard Review Process should take 3-4 days time.Please Refer Review Process

Regards,
Editor
IJR - International Journal of Research
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Journal for Studies in Management and Planning is a peer reviewed, refereed, open access journal that publishes papers on areas of management such as Human Resource Management, Organizational Behavior and Organizational Management, International Business, Knowledge Management, Environmental Management, Data Analysis and Decision Making, Technology and Operations Management, Strategic Decision Making, Negotiations and Competitive Decision Making, Ethics in Management, Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibility, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Public Management, Rural Management, General Management, Hotel Management, Intellectual Property Rights, Education Management, Communication Management, Lifecycle Management, Spiritual Management, Tourism Management, Hospitality Management, Leisure Management, Inventory Management, Waste Management, Hospital Management, etc.
Send papers to editor@pen2print.org 


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by
Shashikant Nishant Sharma
Editor, International Journal for Social Studies

Women's participation in politics and in the exercise of political responsibilities should be encouraged and facilitated by action to promote awareness, comprising civic and political education, which helps women to know their rights and to become conscious of their capacity to have a direct hand in political life.Image result for women in politics

Parliament, political parties and organizations, trade unions, non-governmental organizations and the media can all contribute to this process. However specific they may be, women's issues are questions that concern society as a whole. All governments should thus take the necessary steps to ensure that the interests and specific problems of women are explicitly taken into account and dealt with, in a permanent and thorough manner and in all areas pertaining to governmental jurisdiction.

It is absolutely essential that the necessary material and human resources are earmarked for this purpose. Part of these resources should be devoted to promoting women's participation in civic life as an integral part of the process of strengthening democracy and the Ministry of Education should specifically see to it that proper civic, political, moral, and legal education is disbursed from early childhood.

Government action in this respect could include educating women to participate in and manage public affairs (see also the section on non-governmental organizations below). One of the priorities of the Government should be to inform the public of all the legal provisions which establish the principle of equality between men and women and to ensure that these are respected. It should also regularly propagates figures and other data on women in public life as well as in political life.

The governmental policy promoting participation in civic life should be designed and implemented in close consultation with the political parties and professional as well as social community based organizations. The Government should further rely on the media to inform the public of its objectives, its activities and its achievements. The Government should offer to administrative personnel (men and women) a different type of training so as to promote a positive change in the image that governmental institutions have of equality between men and women.

b) Political parties and organizations and trade unions Political parties and organizations should carry out public information campaigns on the need for and importance of women's participation in political life as an integral part of the process of strengthening democracy. In this connection, wherever women's branches exists, they could play an effective role.

By analyzing election results, the parties could assess the advantage of choosing women candidates as well as men candidates who are active in promoting women's participation. Women should be encouraged to become involved in trade unions as these organizations are powerful informal levers for the control of political power. c) Non-governmental organizations Non-governmental organizations should also carry out public information campaigns on the need for and importance of women's participation in political life as an integral part of the process of strengthening democracy.

They should undertake campaigns to encourage the population, especially women, to vote. In doing so, they could draw special attention to those candidates (female or male) who are active in promoting women's participation. They could organize training courses for women in public speaking, communication, negotiating techniques and strategy, leadership, techniques of moderating groups, management of public affairs, contacts with the press, etc.

Women should be encouraged to set up organizations to defend their status or multispectral associations where they could discover the force of feminine solidarity. d) Media The contribution which the media can make towards the promotion of awareness is undoubtedly crucial. They can help to install among the public the idea that women's participation in political life is an essential part of democracy.

They can also make sure to avoid giving negative false and minimizing images of women and their determination and capacity to participate in politics, stressing the value of women's status and roles in economic and social life and in the development process in general. Any hackneyed presentation of the image of women by any media should be strictly prohibited by law.

The media can play an important role in such endeavors as removing discrimination and prejudice against women and encouraging them to improve their personal qualities and actively participate in management and decision-making. They should widely publicize the contributions that women have made to the development process of human civilizations and history, introduce to the public positive images of women's characters, encourage women to build confidence, raise women's participation awareness and deplore discrimination and any other conduct detrimental to women's interests.

Basic texts it is proposed that the basic texts, for example, those which define the party's basic policy, its hierarchy and the rules of procedure, should be reviewed in order to eliminate any provision which explicitly condones or could justify discrimination against women. b. Political parties' programmes it is suggested that, when drawing up their programmes, parties should pay special attention to the principle of equality between men and women. The programmes should focus on the advantages of active partnership between men and women based on recognition of their difference and complementarily. In this spirit, it is also recommended that parties should aim to eliminate from their programmes any terms or wording which could directly or indirectly imply the notion of superiority of men over women.

Decision-making bodies It is proposed that measures be taken to give equally qualified men and women equal opportunities to belong to decision-making bodies at all levels in the party's structure: local, provincial and national. There should be expansion of Political Reservations for Women at National and State levels, ensuring that it is not seen only as ‘ quota system’ .Also Ensure that women are not just given challenging seats d.

Women's branches in the parties Women's branches (where exists) in the parties should have the following as their objectives:
(i)            To constitute a forum for discussing the special problems encountered by women in carrying out their party activities;
(ii)          (To organize grassroots activities to make women especially those with a low level of education - aware of their civil and political rights and of the importance and effect of their active participation in political life;
(iii)          To prepare women - including those with scant education - to take part in elections by informing them of the issues and explaining how the elections are held in practice;
(iv)          To train women to become candidates in local, provincial and national elections; this training could include courses on various aspects of electoral campaigns and preparation for contacts with the media;
(v)           To establish networks for support for women candidates at elections and for women elected.


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Urban sprawl is a never ending process and is acting as a major challenge while dealing with the development of mega cities in the country. The driving force behind the creation of satellite town is deal with the issue of urban sprawl with unplanned dormitory settlements.
Satellite town
Satellite town/city is a concept of urban planning. It is self-contained and limited in size, built in the vicinity of a large metro city. These are smaller municipalities that are designed to stop urban sprawl to the suburbs and to supplement and aid the large city’s planned expansion. Some live examples in India are metropolitan regions of NCR, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.

Satellite towns differ from suburbs as they are separated from the central city by many kilometers. Little commuting activity but closely geared economic activity to those of central city is one of the major difference. On the other hand suburbs are joined with the center for commuting to or from the city.
All the satellite cities are aimed to accommodate the over urbanization of mega cities and to open new investment opportunities to manufacturing as well as service sector industries.
Objectives of Satellite Towns-
  1. Decongestion: Metro congestion is one of the major issues faced due to too many cars and too many people. For instance, Gurgaon and Noida-satellite towns are quite successful against urban congestion in Delhi. They absorb huge amount of in migration. These towns offer best chances to migrants to have proper housing, financial opportunities, and ecological consciousness, ethnic and social liberties. In other words decongestion of people can be said as ‘Density Optimization’.
  2. Economic Sub center: Metro cities act as a magnet of investments. The emergence of small and medium enterprises around the core of metropolitan area boosts the investment opportunities. It may come out as a sub center for major metropolitans.
  3. Optimum utilization of Land: Land is the most important and limited resource available. The need of the time is to give equal opportunities to the neighboring areas and also optimal use of regional resources for physical upliftment of the region.
  4. Ecology and Environment: Degradation of environment and urbanization are interconnected. Faster a city grows more the deterioration of its air and water quality will be seen. Major reason is the loss of green cover and instigation of concrete jungles. Satellite towns may act as a solution against the concentration factors of degradation. Tree plantation, water conservation, recycles and reuse in peripheral and core areas will add to save the degradation of ecology.
  5. Converting Labor Force to Work force-Equal opportunities to the labor force are necessary for the comprehensive development of a region as well as the nation. Unemployed, poor migrants, seasonal unemployed agriculture labor can be vital in various manufacturing and construction industries in the surrounding areas. This objective can be successfully achieved with creation of employment in small and medium enterprises.
  6. Economy: Satellite towns in the periphery of the major metro will bring new options for the financial investment. The potential of satellite town for regional growth with proper resource utilization is more optimum and beneficial to humans  
In addition to it, almost all the metropolitan cities are having towns serving as satellite towns; still proper planning and resource allocation is required to have desired outcomes from the peripheries. For instance, around Delhi, there are urban centers performing the services of satellite towns, e.g. Ghaziabad, Bhadurgarh, Faridabad, Sonipat, Gurgaon, Noida. Similarly around Kolkata, Kalyani, Barakhpur, Jadavpur, etc. several peripheral towns are closely linked with the city.
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