Let me begin by first and foremost pointing out that in a significant diplomatic win for India, BRICS countries on September 4 named for the first time Pakistan-based terror groups like the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad among others for causing huge violence in the region and said those supporting terror acts must be held accountable. I am glad to see that China has finally buckled under international pressure. We had seen that till now China consistently blocked all moves in United Nations by India to designate Jaish as a terror group by using its veto power as it is a permanent member of UN Security Council!
Resolve To Unitedly Combat Terrorism
orsing India’s Stand
Meet On Radicalisation
To put things in perspective, while stepping up the combat against global terrorism further at the international level, India is now planning to hold a global conference on countering radicalisation, Ms Saran said. On countering radicalisation, India in the context of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the and the BRICS offered to organise a global conference on countering radicalisation. She also said that, “Countries with a positive experience on this will be able to share their experience (at this conference).”
Before proceeding ahead, it would be in order to discuss some of the salient features of BRICS Summit. It has assumed special significance for reasons more than one. Let us briefly touch upon some of them. They are as follows: -
1. The move to name some Pakistan-based terror groups in the BRICS declaration would “irritate” Islamabad and may strain its ties with China. This was what a Chinese scholar said in a rare criticism of the Government’s decision. But for India this is a very bold stand by China.
2. Modi and Putin discussed ways for boosting bilateral trade and investment along with the security situation in Afghanistan.
3. The 5-nation BRICS economic bloc pitched for concluding the long-pending IMF quota reforms by 2019 to give more way to developing nations in the multilateral lending agency.
4. BRICS countries vowed to combat unitedly tax evasion with info exchange.
5. Modi called on BRICS nations to work closely with International Solar Alliance to strengthen the solar energy agenda.
6. BRICS nations vow to utilize space for peaceful purposes.
7. India and other BRICS members committed themselves to enhance cooperation on health issues at international for a, including at the G20.
8. BRICS slams North Korea’s nuke test and bats for diplomatic solution.
9. The theme for this year BRICS Summit is “Stronger Partnership for a Brighter Future”.
BRICS Plus Five For Summit First Time
In an unprecedented move, Chinese President Xi Jinping has for the first time invited Egypt, Kenya, Tajikistan, Mexico and Thailand to participate in the BRICS summit in Xiamen city from September 3 to 5 for expanding the sphere of influence of the emerging economies to form “BRICS Plus” bloc. It is astonishing to note that no place has been given to China’s closest ally Pakistan which only shows that China wants to distance itself slowly from Pakistan even though it does not want to say it publicly. Pakistan too understands it fully even though it will never acknowledge it. It is high time and Pakistan must end all support to terror groups if it really wants that it is not isolated in all international forums. Even USA had recently lashed out at Pakistan for its support to various terror groups and providing them a safe haven and had clarified that all future aid would be conditional to the steps taken to eliminate terrorists!
As things stand, the Foreign Minister of China Wang Yi while justifying this said that, “BRICS is not an exclusive club. The impact of BRICS cooperation reaches far beyond the five countries. I believe the BRICS Plus model will fully realise the vitality of BRICS cooperation”. Wang when asked on the need to form a global economic system said that, “We need to have some further explanation about the ‘BRICS Plus’ to help people better understand the rationale of this idea. China stands ready to work with other BRICS countries to make cooperation bigger, stronger and also more solid to benefit not only the BRICS countries but also the whole world.”
Documents To Be Signed
It is imperative to mention here that the four documents of the summit to be signed are BRICS Action Agenda on Economic and Trade Development, BRICS Action Agenda for Innovative Cooperation, Strategic Framework of BRICS Custom Cooperation and MoU between BRICS Business Council and Development Bank.
Brief History Of BRICS Summits
Any discussion on BRICS Summits would be incomplete without discussing the outcome of the various summits conducted till now. We must also know when it took place and where. To illustrate all this, let me start right from the very beginning. They are as follows: -
Date: June 16, 2009
Venue: Yekaterinburg, Russia
Result: Brazil, Russia, India and China issued a joint statement and founded their statement and founded their co-operative mechanism known as BRIC.
Date: April 15, 2010
Venue: Brasilia, Brazil
Result: In a joint declaration, Brazil, Russia, India and China announced detailed measures of co-operation and co-ordination that signified the preliminary establishment of the BRIC co-operative mechanism.
Date: April 14, 2011
Venue: Sanya, China
Result: The inaugural participation of South Africa as an official member and the establishment of the Sanya Declaration issued after the summit, that outlined the countries decision to deepen exchanges and co-operate in finance, industry and commerce, the sciences, technology and energy. Thus BRIC got expanded to BRICS.
Date: March 29, 2012
Venue: New Delhi, India
Result: Leaders of BRICS jointly issued the New Delhi Declaration which announced several agreements, such as the Master Agreement on Extending Credit Facility in Local Currency under the BRICS Interbank Co-operation Mechanism.
Date: March 26-27, 2013
Venue: Durban, South Africa
Result: Members agreed to establish the New Development Bank and to hold a meeting with leaders from Africa after the summit.
Date: July 15-16, 2014
Venue: Fortaleza, Brazil
Result: The group signed a document to create a $ 100 billion New Development Bank and a reserve currency pool of an additional $100 billion. Documents on co-operation between BRICS export credit agencies and an agreement of co-operation in innovation were also signed.
Date: July 8-9, 2015
Venue: Ufa, Russia
Result: The summit marked the entry into force of the BRICS New Development Bank. The Ufa Declaration also stated the leaders concerns on international security issues such as corruption, nuclear weapons, instability and conflict, terrorism and their commitments to social issues such as health and education.
Date: October 15-16, 2016
Venue: Goa, India
Result: The leaders discussed issues including the international, political and economic situation, global governance, counter-terrorism, climate change, sustainable development goals. BRICS co-operation and people-to-people and cultural exchanges. The summit issued the Goa Declaration and people-to-people and cultural exchanges. The summit issued the Goa Declaration and its action plan and reiterated the commitment to strengthening the BRICS partnership. Outreach Summit of BRICS Leaders with the leaders of BIMSTEC member countries was held during the Summit. China scuttled India’s move to declare Jaish-e-Mohammad as a terror organization.
Date: September 3-5, 2017
Venue: Xiamen, China
Result: Leaders from Egypt, Kenya, Tajikistan, Mexico and Thailand were invited for the first time to participate in the summit. For first time in the history of BRICS we saw how China signs statement that names Lashkar and Jaish among others in terror list which is the biggest departure from China’s earlier rigid stand not to name them as terror groups! BRICS countries also resolved that those responsible for committing and supporting terror acts must be held accountable.
India And China Agree To Enhance Mutual Trust
To be sure, Chinese President Xi Jinping said that BRICS leaders had agreed on deepening political and security cooperation while enhancing strategic trust. This came a day after the BRICS, for the first time, named two Pakistan-based terrorist groups, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad, in its declaration from Xiamen. Although the Heart of Asia declaration in Amritsar had also named these groups in 2016, this was an endorsement at the leadership level, especially from the Chinese perspective. Foreign Secretary of India – S Jaishankar said that the BRICS declaration is a “collective commitment” by all countries, since it concerns all. Xi said at the end of the summit that, “We, as the five countries’ leaders, believe it is in line with our common interests and international expectations to deepen political and security cooperation and enhance mutual strategic trust.”
Modi’s 10 Noble Commitments For BRICS
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