Skill of Reading

The identification of letters, words and sentences through visual perception;
We read what is on the page. Two readers are reading the same material and they get two different meanings. Reading is not limited to visual perception. It means getting the message from a printed material.

When people look at a text and assign meaning to the written symbols, it is interaction between text and the reader.
The aim of reading
      To read English with accurate pronunciation
      To speak English with fluency
      To read English with understanding
Importance of reading
  1. Reading help in gaining new knowledge
  2. Help in self-education process
  3. Broaden the thinking
Importance of silent and loud reading
Kemmel & Segal (1988), stated that reading aloud to children builds the desire to read.  They stated, "Reading is one of the most basic educational practices. 
It is through reading aloud that children learn that reading for pleasure is worthwhile."
G.L. Macroll (1989) in his research found support for the following statements about reading aloud to students and how it benefits the total reading program:

1.  Helps them get off to a better start in reading.
2.  Improves their listening skills.
3.  Increases their abilities to read independently.
4.  Expands their vocabularies.
5.  Helps them become better speakers.
6.  Improves their abilities as writers.
7.  Improves reading comprehension.
8.  Improves quantity and quality of independent reading.
      To help you ignore words you don't need - When you are reading out loud you have to think about and pronounce every word in the text
      When you are reading out loud it is normal to read each word from the first letter to the last in the way it is pronounced
Loud reading by students
Each student reads two or three sentences or a paragraph. Teacher corrects students’ errors.
When you are reading silently, you can just skip past anything that you think is too difficult or not important
To make you read faster 
Reading out loud slows down your reading speed. Silent reading makes your reading faster
      To improve understanding 
to read faster by looking at a whole word or even groups of words at the same time and then moving onto the next section.
Teaching reading is treated on three levels.
      Letter reading
      Word reading
      Text reading
When teaching letter reading.
The teacher deals with three things:
The shape of the letter
 The name of the letter
 The sound of the letter
Teaching text reading
Four techniques and each technique have its own advantages and disadvantages.
* Use all techniques / Methods
Teacher reads the text aloud with accurate pronunciation. Students follow in their books. Teacher can also use a tape produced by a native speaker.
2- Silent reading by students
Students read silently and answer some pre-reading questions. They are asked to read again to answer some post-reading questions
3- Loud reading by students
Each student reads two or three sentences or a paragraph.
4- Choral reading by students
Teacher reads the text aloud sentence by sentence while students read after teacher in chorus.
Teacher sustains the rhythm and the speed by giving starting and finishing signals
- This technique helps shy students to participate in reading
-          It gives practice in pronunciation
-          It gives students the opportunity to train their organs of speech to produce the foreign language.
-          It saves a lot of class time that is spent in loud reading by individual students.
What is reading?
-          This technique gives beginners readers self- confidence.