Are Entrance Exams in India the right way to measure students' potential?

Success cannot be determined by how many marks you secure in exams. As India stands second in the most populated country of the world, it is difficult to assign students to any particular college or job without testing the potential of the student, In India, we have various entrance exams like UPSC, JEE, NEET, CAT, GMAT, MHTCET, MPSC, BITSAT, etc. The question is are these exams the right way to measure a student's potential? Can these exams decide whether a student is eligible for a particular position or college? 

1. Difficulty level of these exams

Every year millions of students appear across various entrance exams held in the country. These exams demand hard work and smart work to stand among the best of the best. But do really entrance exams boost the knowledge and intelligence of students?. For many students, entrance exams are a burden and they attempt it either due to family pressure or to fulfill career responsibilities. Students generally study for passing these exams rather than wanting to acquire real knowledge.

2. Nepotism

Nepotism is a practice among those with the power or influence of favoring their family or friends, especially by giving them jobs. Nepotism in assigning job positions is reduced due to entrance exams because through exams we have a clear report to judge a person according to the marks obtained. People at higher positions cannot favor the people they know to fill other job positions.

3. The Exam paper pattern

Most of these exams have a paper pattern that consists of multiple-choice questions. Multiple choice means a question with four or five options and we have to choose the correct one. If luck is so good on someone someday then the non-deserving candidate might ace the exam. The chances of luck favoring over intelligence are low but if this happens then the deserving candidate who studied the whole year will not get what he deserves.

4. Post Exam process

After the results are out, another process of assigning colleges or jobs takes place. This process is taken on the basis of the reservation system as mentioned in The Constitution of India. In the reservation system, special seats are reserved for SC, ST, OBC, and other castes and tribes in our country. Due to this, a general candidate with higher marks does not get a seat in college/job but a candidate with a reservation and lower marks is able to get a seat. This lowers the morale of the candidate because even after working hard he/she is not able to fulfill his/her dreams.

5. Fear of failure

The entrance exams demand consistency, determination, dedication, and hard work. Some students have failed their first or the second attempt and constant fear of failure keeps hitting them. Even after studying hard for the exams, students do not get success and then they start losing self-confidence. Many students attempt suicide because they feel that they might not be able to pass the exam. Students from low financial backgrounds carry a huge responsibility for their family and due to this pressure they might even go into deprssion.

What can be done?

1. Reservation system should be eradicated and assigning jobs/colleges should be done on the basis of a common rank list.
2. Students' potential can be assessed by taking interviews and practical application-based exams rather than rote learning and multiple-choice questions.
3. Some percent of seats can be reserved for students with low financial backgrounds.