Art Forms in India


India, through its rich ancient culture and heritage, has a lot to offer to the world in the aspect of art and craft. India's various states have a demonstrated history of authentic and beautiful art forms that the world has never seen. India's folk and tribal arts are ethnic and basic, yet vivid and lively enough to communicate the country's rich heritage. In this article, we will discuss about the different art forms of ancient India, many of which are still in practice.

Kalighat Paintings

Kalighat painting, also referred to as Kalighat Pat, originated in West Bengal, India in the 19th century. As the name suggests, they were first created in the vicinity of Kalighat Kali Temple, Kalighat, Calcutta, India. The paintings evolved through time from being souvenirs taken by visitors to the Kali shrine to becoming an unique school of Indian art.

Aipan Art

Aipan, an art form which you might not have heard of, is an established-ritualistic folk art originating from Kumaon in the Indian Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand.  The art is mostly performed for special events, family rites, and rituals like Diwali. It is believed that this art marks good fortune and destroys evil. The art form has great social, cultural and religious importance.

Mandala Art

This art has been getting a lot more emphasis nowadays, all thanks to social media. A mandala is a symbolic geometric representation. A mandala, in general, signifies a spiritual journey that begins on the exterior and progresses through layers to the inner core. It has much significance in meditation and it is not limited to a particular religion. A mandala is a 40-day period during which the human organism completes one physiological cycle in a spiritual or religious process.