Population Explosion: Biggest obstacle to India's development



"We all worry about the population explosion, but we don't worry about it at the right time."

Population explosion, you've heard of it a lot, right? Well, from the past few decades, this is one of the most dangerous issue haunting the overall growth of the developing and , in fact, a few developed nations as well.
But, apparently, no concrete steps have been taken by the legislations to reduce the population growth and dispose this ever-alarming bomb of population explosion.  

India, ranks 7th in terms of area across the 200 other nations in the world, and unfortunately, it ranks 2nd, only behind China in terms of population.
We boast around 136 crores of people currently living in India. Uttar Pradesh, being the most populous states and Sikkim being the least. 
We added around 181 million of population in the decade 2001-2011 and our current population is equal to the combined population of U.S., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Japan added together.

But, where does that leads us to? It leads us to a dark future where the scope of development and economic boost is nearly wiped out and chaos and over-utilisation of resources is proliferated. Some of the major impacts of population explosion are listed below:

  • Poverty: Rising population has increased poverty in India. People dedicate a large portion of their resources for nourishment of the family. As a result, there are fewer savings and a lower rate of capital accumulation. As a result, improvement in production technique is no longer conceivable. It denotes a poor level of labour productivity.
  • Increased Pressure on Land: The strain on land is increasing as the population grows. On the one hand, land supply per capita continues to decline, while the problem of sub-division and fragmentation of holdings continues to grow. It has a negative impact on the country's economic progress.
  • Undue pressure on Environment: The rapid growth of the human population has a negative impact on the environment. A higher birth rate results in greater pollution, toxic waste, and environmental damage. In a nutshell, population growth stifles economic development. It should be effectively managed.
  • Increased Unemployment: Rising population is accompanied by an increase in the community's labour force, resulting in a significant portion of the population being unemployed.
  • Food Shortage: People do not get enough food since it is scarce, which has an impact on their health and productivity.
  • Social Problems: Overcrowding, traffic congestion, frequent accidents, and pollution are all direct consequences of urbanisation.

These points are enough to showcase how deadly population explosion is for a country like India. Hence, the government must do something, at the earliest, to curb this menace, otherwise, this would lead to a tragic end where only regression would prevail. 

Encouraging education, family planning, urbanisation, generating more employment opportunities, improving standard of living and rolling out  population control laws may help India reduce population explosion in the long run.